We present the results of the study ‘Perfil del alumnado de FPB en España’.


The Department of Studies and Social Innovation of the Tomillo Foundation presents the results of the study ‘Profile of Vocational Training Students in Spain’. The study on Basic Vocational Training (FPB), subsidized by the Ministry of Social Rights and Agenda 2030 in the Call for subsidies for the implementation of activities of general social interest, was carried out among students from IES Arcipreste de Canales (Toledo), IES Puente Ajuda (Badajoz), Casa Escuela Santiago Uno (Salamanca), Peñascal Kooperatiba (Vizcaya, Guipuzcoa and Navarra), and
Tomillo Foundation

According to the survey conducted, the reasons for studying FPB are:

Main conclusions

  • Most of the students come fromsingle-parent families , with a low socioeconomic level and a low educational level. Most of themdo not go beyond the ESOlevel.
  • Basic vocational training is not the only answer needed by these students. Most of them are located in vulnerable situation, which requires not only an educational response but also social care.
  • Intellectual-academic learning, centered on theoretical development and a large amount of The subjects and contents that characterize the ESO, makes students who are not able to follow the The pace of the system is unhooked from the system: They miss classes in ESO because they are bored or feel that the teaching is lacking interest or usefulness for their future.
  • Basic vocational training, being oriented towards a trade and being more practical, engages students because of its manipulative aspect .
  • In Basic Vocational Training, students demand more individualized attention, in which the teachers adapt the development of the class to their learning rhythms. For this reason, they value the fact that the VET teachers Basic is more attentive and concerned about his academic development, which gives him more opportunities. to learn and pass. However, this individualized attention requires a lower ratio.
  • The need to increase the educational offer in Basic Vocational Training. A large number of students who drop out of school do so because they do not like them .
  • To improve its valuation by the system and to position it as an equally valid to obtain the Secondary School Diploma. Most of the they say that they go to basic vocational training because “they are not suitable for secondary school” and this undermines their self-esteem. This self-perception changes at the end of basic vocational training when they discover that can continue studying, that they have the capacity to choose or find a job.
  • Teachers perceive that it is unnecessary to expect students to spend two or three years in secondary school repeating before entering basic vocational training, because the system itself understands basicvocational training as alast resort.
  • Students perceive Basic Vocational Training as something easier than ESO, which worries some of the students and teachers. students and teachers because in the intermediate level, depending on the center, they may return to a situation more similar to ESO. situation more similar to ESO.

Want to know more? Watch the video presentation of the study of Basic Vocational Training in Spain